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Cardiology, will be organized around the theme “Current Innovations for stimulating heart growth”
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Cardiology is a division of medicine which deals with the study of disorders of the heart as well as parts of the circulatory system. This field holds medical diagnosis and treatment of cognetial heart defects. Cardiologists are medical doctors who specialize in heart and blood vessel disease. They help in preventing the disease as well as diagnose and treat those who previously have them. Cardiology is circulated into numerous fields such as pediatric cardiology, adult cardiology, interventional procedures, electrophysiology and echocardiography etc.
Cardiooncology is the intersection of heart disorders in patients who have been treated for cancer. Cardiologists can consider patients for eventual danger of developing heart conditions if patients take assured types of cancer drugs, or resulting radiation treatment to the chest. They also help oncologists safeguard their patients during treatment by closely watching the heart and identifying heart trouble early in treatment. Cardio-oncology is an emerging field that takes a team-based approach with cardiologists, oncologists, and hematologists working together for the prevention, early detection and management of cardiovascular disease in cancer patients throughout all stages of cancer therapy and in the survivorship period. The field is rapidly increasing due to the recognition that many agents that are effective cancer therapies leave survivors at heightened risk for cardiovascular disease. Since the original call to arms concerning the need for committed systems to care for these patients in 2010, cardio-oncology clinics have developed around the world, and the demand for cardio-oncology clinics is only going to continue to grow as cancer survivorship increases. There are an predictable 15.5 million cancer survivors living in the United States and 2 million cancer survivors living in the United Kingdom and these numbers are expected to grow.
Pediatric Cardiology is a division of medicine deals with heart associated problems in new born, infants, children and adolescents. A pediatric cardiologist is a pediatrician who has acknowledged extensive training in diagnosing and treating children's cardiac problems. Currently, evaluating and treating the disease condition may begin with the fetus since heart problems can now be noticed before birth. Hence this division is actively involved in therapeutic conclusion and treatment of preventing both congenital and acquired heart disease in children. Finally, the division is committed to educating the next generation of physicians and offers advanced training in pediatric cardiology.
Interventional cardiology is a part of cardiology that manages the catheter-based treatment of basic heart illnesses. Interventional cardiology is a non-careful alternative which uses a catheter – a little, adaptable cylinder – to fix harmed or debilitated vessels, limited veins, or other influenced portions of the heart structure. An enormous number of strategies can be performed on the heart by catheterization. The fundamental focal points of utilizing the interventional cardiology or radiology approach are the shirking of the scars and agony, and long post-employable recuperation. Moreover, interventional cardiology technique of essential angioplasty is currently the best quality level of care for an intense myocardial dead tissue.
Cardiac surgery, also called heart surgery, involves surgical operations made on the heart under to correct life-threatening conditions. The surgery can be either open-heart surgery or minimally invasive surgery subject on the condition to be corrected. The purpose of cardiac surgery is to progress the quality of life of the patient and to extend the patient's lifespan. Cardiac surgery includes substantial risk and is only done when the benefits outweigh the risk. Risks are highest for infants under one year of age and adults over age 60. Risk increases with age and when the individual has other health problems such as diabetes, chronic kidney failure, chronic lung disease, pulmonary edema, congestive heart failure, electrolyte imbalances, alcoholism, and prior history of heart attack or stroke. Even though few circumstances categorically rule out a cardiac process, the physician must judge the risks and benefits on an individual basis.
Molecular cardiology is a newly developed technological method in the field of cardiology that aims to administer molecular biological techniques for the mechanistic investigation, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of cardiovascular & heart diseases. This innovation has changed our theoretical thinking of cardiovascular development, disease etiology, and pathophysiology. Although molecular cardiology is still at a very early stage, it has opened a assuring pathway for understanding and controlling cardiovascular disease. A great interest of the laboratory is the description of novel circulating factors that regulate cardiac biology, including aging and hypertrophy.
Neurocardiology features the present subject about heart afferent components that is answerable for cardiovascular reflexes just as the efferent engine neurons. A lot of research has been proceeding to outline the neuroanatomical and utilitarian association of the autonomic sensory system which controls cardiovascular work. A far reaching component of the neurons that are innervating the heart in ordinary, sick state. A brief review of neuron manages the heart and results in some major clinical conditions, for example, arrhythmias and cardiovascular breakdown.
- Track 7-1Cardiovascular Systems
- Track 7-2Neurocardiac Axis Link
- Track 7-3Arrhythmias
- Track 7-4Imbalance of Autonomic Neural Inputs
- Track 7-5Changes in Neural Oscillations
- Track 7-6Maintaining Homeostasis
Cardiac nursing is a field nursing that works with patients who practice the ill effects of different states of the cardiovascular system. A cardiac care nurse or cardiac nurse is an expertise who cares definitely for patients with heart issues. While the obligations and duties of a nurse with this title may change from situation to situation, they will treat patients who have experienced or endure different sorts of heart problems under the direction of cardiologists. They perform various tasks such as performing stress tests, care for a patient after an operation, complete health assessments or closely monitor the patient’s heart rate.
Heart disease describes a range of conditions that interrupt the heart. Diseases under the heart disease includes blood vessel diseases, such as coronary artery disease; heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias); and heart defects you're born with (congenital heart defects), among others. Heart disease term is frequently used interchangeably with the cardiovascular disease. It generally refers to conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart failure, chest pain (angina) or stroke. Other heart circumstances, such as those that affect your heart's muscle, valves or rhythm, also are considered forms of heart disease. Many forms of heart disease can be prohibited or treated with healthy lifestyle choices.
Cardiovascular pharmacology deals with the medicine of cardiac diseases. The Cardiac Drugs are used to treat conditions of the heart or the circulatory or vascular system. Many classes of cardiovascular agents are existing to treat the numerous cardiovascular conditions. In this sub topic we have Sodium, potassium, calcium network blockers, ACE-inhibitors and cardiac biomarkers. There are six associations and societies and the main association for Cardiac Therapeutic Agents in USA. 50 universities are working on Cardiac Therapeutic Agents. Three new drugs were announced in 2015. There are many types of cardiovascular drugs in the market that hold Cardiac glycosides, anti-coagulants, anti-arrhythmic agents, anti-anginal agents and anti-hypertensive agents.
Advances in cardiology contain the current research and new innovative methods that are emerging in the field of cardiology and its related fields. Advanced research in this field allows early detection of CHD in order to halt or reverse the progress of the disease. It focuses on the research related to devices, development of Nuclear Cardiology methods for the detection of heart disease, drug development and evaluation of treatments used in heart disease, identification of novel biological markers to predict the presence of heart disease etc.
The heart is one of the most significant organs in the human body, because it is one of the leading ways for connecting us to each other and the Life. Major role of the heart is to pump blood to all the systems of the body. The brain is one of the greatest complex and superlative organs in the human body. The heart-brain connection is dominant, with each strongly reliant on the other. A stroke is related to a heart attack, but it affects the brain. A heart attack happens when blood suddenly can't get through to a part of your heart.
Cardiovascular Pharmacology is the study of drug action which exerts either a biochemical or physiological effect on the tissue, cell, organ or organism. The interactions affect normal or abnormal biochemical function.Cardiovascular group is currently working on the relation between salt intake & obesity relating to blood pressure control mechanism they use state of art molecular, integrative approaches & cellular to study vascular functions & neural control of blood pressure. The main aim of this research is to identify new drugs that can be used to treat high blood pressure & its consequences which may leads to stroke.
- Track 13-1Anticoagulants
- Track 13-2Diuretics
- Track 13-3Digitalis Preparations
- Track 13-4Cholesterol-lowering medications
- Track 13-5Calcium Channel Blockers
- Track 13-6Beta Blockers
- Track 13-7Angiotensin-Receptor Neprilysin Inhibitors
- Track 13-8Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers
- Track 13-9ACE Inhibitors
- Track 13-10Antiplatelet Agents and Dual Antiplatelet Therapy
- Track 13-11Vasodilators
Vascular—vein—issues incorporate atherosclerosis (the development of greasy plaque in the supply routes) and arteriosclerosis (the hardening of corridors with age). Both are outstanding supporters of coronary illness. These equivalent procedures can likewise harm cerebrum work by meddling with the enduring inventory of oxygen-rich blood that supports synapses. On account of a stroke, here and there called a "cerebrum assault," huge swaths of mind tissue kick the bucket when a blood coagulation in a significant cerebrum conduit unexpectedly stops the progression of blood. Notwithstanding experiencing prompt harm a stroke, about one of every three stroke survivors will in the end create dementia.
Alzheimer's is a kind of Dementia and it’s caused due to problems with memory, thinking and behaviour. It’s a neurodegenerative disorders, it first involves the parts of the brain that control thought, memory and language. People with this disease may have trouble remembering things that happened recently or names of people they know. A related problem, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), causes more memory problems than normal for people of the same age. Many, but not all, people with MCI will develop Alzheimer’s disease.
- Track 15-1Cholinergic Hypothesis
- Track 15-2Amyloid Hypothesis
- Track 15-3Down Syndrome
- Track 15-4Mental illness
Neural Engineering is utilized to get fix, supplant, improve or generally abuse the properties of Neural System by utilizing different medicinal claim to fame building or bio-designing methods. Neural specialists can illuminate configuration issues at the interface of living tissue or non living structure. They utilize different electromagnetic methods, for example, MRI checking to inspect and find out about mind movement.
Heart valve medical procedure is a strategy to treat heart valve sickness. In heart valve illness, in any event one of the four heart valves that keep blood streaming in the right course through your heart doesn't work appropriately. On the off chance that the indications of heart valve illness can't be controlled with prescription, medical procedure might be expected to fix or supplant a deficient valve so as to anticipate harm to the remainder of the heart (cardiovascular breakdown). On the off chance that fix is conceivable, it is favored over substitution in light of the fact that a fixed valve is more grounded than a substitution valve. There are two choices for valve substitutions, mechanical or tissue valves. An as of late created non-careful alternative for supplanting the aortic valve in certain patients is percutaneous aortic valve substitution.
Weight will expand the opportunity of cardiopathy and stroke. Notwithstanding, it hurts essentially the guts assignment and vessel framework. It is additionally a genuine purpose for gallstones, degenerative joint pain, and metabolic procedure issues. moreover to weight increase might be a continuous result of heart-harming style choices like absence of activity and a fat-loaded eating routine. Fat can likewise bring about genuine conditions like a coronary disappointment, inside which your heart can't siphon enough blood to the body. Having a polygenic infection or pre-diabetes puts one at expanded hazard for cardiopathy and stroke. One will bring down its hazard by keeping the glucose (otherwise called glucose), cardiovascular ailment, and blood steroid liquor close to the guided objective numbers the degree brief by polygenic illness authorities for all time wellbeing. Stroke and coronary cardiopathy will be brought about by a comparative drawback induration of the corridors.
Clinical Cardiology incorporates thinks about apply to cardiovascular ailments viz., innate heart infections, coronary supply route ailment, heart disappointment, cardiovascular coronary illness, and their the study of disease transmission and pathophysiology of the heart. The remedial methodology including determination and the executives of heart ailments like electrophysiology, cardiovascular gadgets, heart recovery, cardiovascular drug, cardiovascular medical procedure, and recognizable proof of hazard factors for cardiovascular illnesses
Undifferentiated organism Research an imaginative remedial methodology towards cardiology where the utilization of cell treatment to balance turn around ventricular rebuilding, the substrate of heart disappointment and arrhythmias following myocardial localized necrosis. Worthwhile cell tissue recovery consolidates a complex cell and atomic approach setting that incorporates immature microorganism uniting and separation, discharge of calming and angiogenic go betweens, and expansion of endogenous cardiovascular foundational microorganisms. The present helpful methodologies include fat determined foundational microorganisms, heart-inferred undifferentiated organisms, bone marrow-inferred mononuclear cells and mesenchymal immature microorganisms, and mixes of cells. Clinical preliminaries utilizing mesenchymal foundational microorganisms and cardiovascular determined undifferentiated organisms have been appeared to be powerful in diminishing infarct estimate and improving the contractility of local dividers. Regenerative drug and foundational microorganism look into can possibly change the treatment of cardiovascular malady. Most recent research finds that it helps in fix of heart muscle harm and offer clinical choices for the a large number of Americans who are brought into the world with or create coronary illness
Epidemiology is the process that is used to find the causes of health consequences and diseases in people. In epidemiology, the patient is the community and individuals are observed mutually. It is also the application of this study to the control of healthiness. The most important feature of epidemiology is the measurement of disease consequences in relation to a population at risk. The population at risk is the group of people, healthy or sick, who would be counted as cases if they had the disease being studied.
Hypertension, which is defined as high blood pressure, it is one of the most common medical problems. Hypertension does not usually show any symptoms, and it is not usually diagnosed in the early stages. It is one of the important causes of heart attack, stroke, kidney disease, and other serious medical problems. However hypertension is so common and consequential, it is important for everyone to have their blood pressure checked periodically. Prehypertension describes blood pressure that is higher than the desirable range, but not high enough to be labelled hypertension which would be 120/80mmhg 5.1 Malignant Hypertension 5.2 Primary Hypertension 5.3 Secondary Hypertension
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) happens when an outside mechanical power is applied to the head and influences mind working. It tends to be brought about by a hit to the head or an infiltrating head damage or a fast quickening deceleration occasion if the head has not been straightforwardly struck. For the most part normal in a huge gathering of illness causing obtained cerebrum wounds.
Brain disorders are diseases that affect the brain and the central and autonomic nervous systems. As stated in the reports around 164 million Europeans has been facing brain and related disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson disease, Epilepsy , Eating disorders, Brain Tumors, Stroke etc. This session involves the diagnosis, treatment of disease or malfunctioning of the brain, muscles, peripheral nerves, spinal cord and autonomic nervous system, as well as the neural blood vessels.
- Track 24-1Central nervous system disorders
- Track 24-2Autonomic nervous system disorders
- Track 24-3Parkinson’s and Huntington’s Disease
- Track 24-4Schizophrenia
- Track 24-5Addiction
- Track 24-6Anxiety and Depression
- Track 24-7Autism Spectrum Disorder
- Track 24-8Computerized tomography (CT) scans
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a neurosurgical therapy involving the implantation of a medical device called a neurostimulator i.e. called as 'brain pacemaker' which helps to send electrical impulses through inserted electrodes, to exact targets in the brain nuclei for the treatment of movement and neuropsychiatricsyndromes. DBS therapy select brain areas to providing therapeutic supports for treatment-resistant syndromes like Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, dystonia, chronic pain, major depression and obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD)etc.
- Track 25-1Neurological examination
- Track 25-2Electroencephalogram
- Track 25-3Magnetic resonance imaging
- Track 25-4Positron emission tomography
Stroke can be characterized as mind tissue harm brought about by poor blood stream in cerebrum vessels. Cerebrum stroke associated with aortic blood stream unsettling influences is an uncommon malady and its frequency is hard to accept. In any case, 10-half of patients with aortic analyzation may not encounter any torment. If there should be an occurrence of 18-30% patients with aortic dismemberment neurological signs are first infection introduction and among them ischemic stroke is the most well-known. The most mainstream aortic dismemberment order is with utilization of Stanford framework. Type An includes the rising aorta and type B is happening distal to the subclavian course. Aortic dismemberment hazard components incorporate hypertension, cystic medionecrosis, bicuspid aortic valve and Marfan's or Ehlers-Danlos disorder.
- Track 26-1Pediatric neurosurgery
Neurosurgery, or neurological surgery, is the medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, surgical treatment, and rehabilitation of disorders which affect any portion of the nervous system including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system.
- Track 27-1Vascular & endovascular neurosurgery
- Track 27-2Neurosurgical oncology
- Track 27-3Epilepsy Surgery
- Track 27-4Advances in Neurosurgery
Cardiovascular breakdown with decreased launch part (HFrEF) creates when heart yield falls because of cardiovascular damage. The most well-perceived of the compensatory homeostatic reactions to a fall in heart yield are actuation of the thoughtful sensory system and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone framework (RAAS). For the time being, these 'neurohormonal' frameworks incite various changes in the heart, kidneys, and vasculature that are intended to keep up cardiovascular homeostasis. Be that as it may, with constant enactment, these reactions result in haemodynamic stress and apply pernicious impacts on the heart and the dissemination. Neurohormonal actuation is presently known to be one of the most significant components basic the movement of cardiovascular breakdown, and remedial enmity of neurohormonal frameworks has become the foundation of contemporary pharmacotherapy for cardiovascular breakdown.
Echocardiography is an examination system that uses high recurrence sound waves to create essential pictures of the heart. The picture is generally known as an echocardiogram. This test recognizes observing the working of heart and its valves. The photos can recognize the blood coagulations in the heart, liquid in the sac around the heart, issues with the aorta. An echocardiogram is essential key in deciding the cardiovascular wellbeing. It can likewise uncover heart deserts in unborn children.Neural imaging or Neuroimaging is the utilization of a few strategies to either legitimately or in a roundabout way picture the structure, capacity of the sensory system. Neural tissue designing can be utilized to get, improve, or generally misuse the properties of neural frameworks and Neuro processing is the investigation of mind work as far as the data treating properties of the structures that make up the sensory system.
There are about more than 600 neurocardiac diseases in the world. There are about 248 case reports in intracerebral malignant lymphoma, two cases of intracranial subdural hematoma and 167 cases of Extradural Hematoma. Case reports on Cardiology and Neurosurgery track are made to share scientists, researchers, doctor’s practical experience of new and critical neurological conditions and injuries and to influence young researchers. It enables other researchers to gather knowledge and ideas about new technologies, clinical trials, drug testing and other new aspects on Cardiology and Neurosurgery.
Heart nursing is unprecedented nursing field which works with patients who experience the ill effects of assorted circumstances of the cardiovascular framework. Cardiovascular medical attendants help treat and care issue, for example, flimsy angina, cardiomyopathy, coronary vein malady, congestive cardiovascular breakdown, localized necrosis of myocardium and heart arrhythmia under the course of a cardiologist. For the most part the Neuroscience nursing experts helps patients with sensory system and mind issue. Presently a days nursing is an exceptionally testing claim to fame that manages appraisal and the board of numerous neurological issue. A portion of their obligations incorporate managing prescription, checking neurological tests, counseling doctors on patient progress and so forth. For the most part the medical attendants convey patient consideration for Neurological issues like injury, stroke, mind wounds, cerebral pains, seizures, diseases and aneurysms and so forth.
Cardiology Conferences focuses on the current research in cardiology where the new innovative methods that are emerging in the field of cardiology. It gives a brief explanation on Interventional cardiology, Cardiac Nursing, Thrombolytic therapy and Cardiac rehabilitation.